Have you ever noticed those little diagrams in your favorite songbook above every measure or two? Those are called guitar tabs, and they show guitarists how to play the chord for that measure.
Counterpoint is the art of combining various melodic lines in a musical composition. Some examples of counterpoint include rounds, fugues, and canons.
If you have heard Latin music, it is most likely at the same time you wanted to get up and start dancing. Latin music is known for its great rhythmic patterns and dance beats.
The Circle of Fifths is one of the most common images used in music education, as it is a great way to demonstrate the relationships between key signatures.