Theme and variations in Western art music is a musical form in which after the first statement of a theme, modifications or elaborations of it occur with each subsequent statement of that theme. In those subsequent statements, certain elements of the theme are retained, while others are altered. Ordinarily, enough are retained in order for […]
To confidently identify intervals, you’ll first need to master your understanding whole-steps and half-steps—also known as tones and semi-tones. A half-step (semi-tone) is two different notes with the smallest possible distance between them—for example, B up to C, or E down to Eb. Think of two frets right next to each other on a guitar, or two keys (including the black keys) right next to each other on the piano. A whole-step (tone) is made up of two half-steps—for example, B up to C#, or E down to D…
Cadences are chord progressions that either break up or conclude a particular section or piece of music. Here are a few different types of cadences.
Understanding less common time signatures can be tricky. Fortunately, we have a few tips to help you count them out and make sense of them.
Musical ornaments, such as grace notes, trills, and turns, are a great way to add color and variation to a melodic line of music.
When playing in cut time, notes are played at half the duration they would normally be played at. A whole note is two beats, a half note is one beat, etc.